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"公家报销"与价格扭曲时谭影响力中国网

"The public submits an expense accounts" is a phrase that we acquaint with.As a national staff member, our everybody once enjoys the advantage of "the public submits an expense accounts".The situation that pays in the individual, we probably notice very much economical;But as long as the side that is stained with public, we very generous.The wasted phenomenon that"the public submits an expense accounts" causes has already drawn people's extensive attention, money of the masses of the people to the flower"public" nowise loves of the style is very dissatisfied.But the price distortion caused by"the public submits an expense accounts" didn't cause enough value of people.Today that reforms just to push away completely in the price, investigation"the public submits an expense accounts" distort with price all of a sudden of the relation probably isn't unmeaningful.
  The price soars to speak of from the gentleman orchid
  Front segment time, Harbin appeared "the gentleman orchid is hot", the gentleman orchid price soared, a gentleman orchid can sell to several 100 dollarses up to thousand prices is even.People feel strange, residents in Harbin of month average income however several 10 dollarses, buying a gentleman orchid have to a few months of wages, but in addition to appreciating,SDFSD, didn't discover that the gentleman orchid still has other use values currently.Monthly income the common residents of several 10 dollarses are unexpectedly like this of need impulse?A reporter discovered this secret.Originally, the main need of gentleman orchid is an organization group.Is also say, the price of gentleman orchid to a large extent depends "the public submits an expense accounts" to factitiously lift up.This explains:"The public submits an expense accounts" will cause price's distorting.
  What is meant by "the public submits an expense accounts"?
  "The public submits an expense accounts" is a vulgar phrase that uses in the daily life, it includes deep economics language righteousness.This wants to speak of from"spend money".
  According to famous economist rice Er& middot in the United States;The standpoint of virtuous Man in the Fu, allly spend money in the world can allot to one of four kinds of methods.Money may be yours as well as be his;May spend for you as well as spend for him.So 22 four kinds of method.The first is you are that you spend your money;The second is you are that he spends your money;The third is you are that you spend his money;The fourth is you are that he spends his money.
See with this, personal expenditure can allot for first floriculture money(if buy the thing that oneself uses with own money) or second floriculture money(such as give presents for friend), but"the public submits an expense accounts" then belong to the third or fourth floriculture money.With public expense medical treatment is example, to patient, public expense medical treatment belongs to third floriculture money, namely"you spend his(public certainly include patient at inside) money for you";To doctor, public expense medical treatment belongs to Category 4 to spend money, namely"you spend his(public) money for him(patient)".In the real life, third floriculture money and fourth floriculture money usually mix together.
  The expensive way is different, its effect is also different.Is general to come to speak, while spending money to press the first to carry on, expensive person since attention save money and stress effect, then spend money as far as possible worthwhile;While spending money according to the second method, expensive person probably attention save money but to effect concern not enough, if the person, who give presents, usually spends money to buy some to receive gift have no how much practical value of thing;(no wonder that gift usually is bear to see not enduring)When spend money carries on according to the third method, spend money to just usually speak that the effect doesn't speak an economy;(as long as eat take care of his money how much well)When spend money carries on according to the fourth method, spend money usually since not speak effect also inattention economy.The CT that a business enterprise leadership once let the doctor of the hospital of officers and workers to him to do to originally have no occasion for at a time check(each time 180 dollars), this doctor said to the other people afterwards:If the words that make him(leadership) pay by himself, his affirmation can't have this check.That is 180 dollars money.But we equally can ask this doctor:If make you pay for him, will you have this kind of check for him?
  Is the price distortion how to take place?
  The so-called price distorts and means that the actual price structure deviates balanced price structure.The balanced price structure is meant competition of on the market from supply both parties the common function forms of such a price structure:From supply the angle see, this kind of price structure reflection produces the opposite cost of merchandise and promised maximizing of manufacturer's profits thus;See from the need angle, this kind of price structure reflection merchandise thus promised that the consumer satisfies maximizing of degree to the consumer's opposite effect.If have in supply both parties any one the square be distorted, the price will deviate balanced price."The public submits an expense accounts" mainly passes a distortion need to result in to the distortion of price.
  The price structure reflection merchandise has two basic prior conditions to the consumer's opposite effect:The first, the need is subjected to restriction(namely expend budget stipulation) of the income level, expend the income that can not exceed us such as our everybody;(include borrow funds at inside)The second, need with pursue effect(satisfy) biggest change into a target.Our everybody come to speak, we have the endless demand of various each kind, we want to eat, want to wear, want to live, want a line and want to play, with this every way, we certainly hope it's the more the better.But, our incomes limit our need, we impossibly each aspect is all"many", increasing the expenditure of this aspect will correspond the expenditure of compressing the another place noodles, therefore, we can be in various need carry on weighing a comparison:More eat and order and not to wear too much and still keep wearing point and doing not eat too much more?The so-called consumption chooses that be want to beg a need under the sistuation that satisfy income stipulation of biggest satisfy.
  If a person's income stipulation is strict, his need hobby the function is also decided, so, his expenditure structure is decided to price structure, be say, there is a kind of function relation between price structure and need structure.If everybody's expenditures are subjected to strict stipulation of the income, if everybody at pursue demanding biggest satisfy, so, from here form of the market demands structure just reflects society consumption hobby towards shoulding wear particular price structure, this price structure.Factitiously change this kind of price structure, will make the consumer make the need changing direction the price low merchandise from the price higher merchandise, result in putting off of the former and the supply falls short of demand of the latter thus.If don't want to maintain this kind of condition over a long period of time, the price has to resume its original level.This is the balanced price structure that we say.(we didn't consider the distortion of supply here)
  If the expenditure isn't to come from personal income, but from"the public submits an expense accounts", so, normal need of two prior conditions Be hard to satisfy:The first, expending the budget stipulation will soften;(personal income is fixed, while money of the public then usually can annex)The second, the expensive person doesn't necessarily pursue the biggest effect.(is like"you spend his money for him")As long as these two results contain occurrence, need and price its function relation for smelling doesn't reply existence.Is opposite with this need should of the price structure escape from social consumption hobby function.Some merchandise markup affirmation will kick out one personal part of consumers or make the individual purchase quantity decrease, but the public submits an expense accounts of buy quantity usually depend to annex expenditure but maintain to constantly even also increase.The gentleman orchid price in Harbin one who rise to unexpectedly have never frightenned to walk to purchase to several 100 dollarses, important reason is the expenditure budget that buys to control too soft, don't speak practical value as well.If let the party concerned buy oneself to use with his/her own money, so, the first, he probably basically could not take so much money;The second, even if is rich to also feel not worthwhile, so, this kind of condition of the market is a hard maintenance.Individual's buying thing is to ask price first, while the public buy thing first is can development ticket.(compare under, price height's pouring is next in importance)
  "The public submits an expense accounts" is a catena to the distortion of price.If the accommodation fee can raise, that meeting from here parties living a need for the need, refrigerator of the need, carpet of the need, air condition machine of color television, etc., arouse the price of these merchandises to soar thus;So, actually because service standard exaltation but arouse service charge exaltation, still because of service charge(can) exaltation but arouse a service standard exaltation, perhaps is that one is hard to say a pure problem.But have 1:00 is clear, if be on business the fee give out personal dry use, the bed of above 10 dollars perhaps few someones ask about(foreigner excepted), one large numbers of color televisions can move a store, and buying the troops of color television may consumedly shrink a plait.
  Inflation effect and income of "the public submits an expense accounts" assign an effect
  "The public submits an expense accounts" not only distorts opposite price, but also arouses soaring of commodity price total level.This is main Be produced to two reason.The first, "the public submits an expense accounts" usually arouses budget expenditure increment and becomes causing a finance in the red, social gross demand inflation and thus arouse price to soar completely of important reason.Someone says that the administration fee expenditure increment in last year is because the price hike results in, this words probably only have half accuracy.The actual circumstance is also likely to be, the commodity price soars a part is because the administration expenses increases causable.The second, even if there is no finance in the red, don't take place name gross demand the inflation be distorted, result in a part of merchandises supply because of the price structure opposite nervous, cause in procession and the ticket waits the emergence(namely the ticket acts as currency) of quasi- currency and makes thus the currency actually depreciate, this similarly a kind of inflation.
  "The public submits an expense accounts" still arouses income of again allotment.The first, as money of"public", come from whole societieses, can be treated as everyone have all of, everyones are "he".But, the different person enjoys the opportunity of "the public submits an expense accounts" not greatly same.Two persons of nominal wages equalities, a thing that is enjoyed for a year by"the public submits an expense accounts", the another doesn't have"the public submits an expense accounts" the person of opportunity perhaps three years could not enjoy as well.The second, the different person consumes to constitute different, regardless the ascension of a distortion is still a commodity price total level of price structure, will arouse income of again allotment.
  I write this short composition and far from advocate cancel"the public submits an expense accounts", because"the public submits an expense accounts" be not all not to, and as long as having a society, will have group, will have a nation, necessary have "the public submits an expense accounts".Besides, on some special merchandises, the public submits an expense accounts to also have it special advantage.I want to tell people, the price of "the public submits an expense accounts" is huge, as expensive kind of way, as far as possible little use.To each citizen, as long as oneself can directly spend of money, don't make the other people replace their they's flowers;Speak to the government, as far as possible 3, 4th floriculture money change into 1, 2th floriculture money, so all beneficial at the country at the people.
I write this short composition and also far from want to distort current price to lay the blame on on "the public submits an expense accounts".In fact, "the public submits an expense accounts" just the price distorts of one of the reason.But I think, for ensuring price reform smoothly progress, reforming the period should narrow the scope of "the public submits an expense accounts" as far as possible and strictly control administration expenditure and social group purchasing power.Such as don't block a head of in"the public submits an expense accounts", the price releases hard reasonable also, also cause the situation of low wages high commodity price.
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